Some time beforea funerary monument was erected in his memory on the north wall, with a half-effigy of him in the act of writing. Its plaque compares him to NestorSocratesand Virgil. Textual evidence also supports the view that several of the plays were revised by other writers after their original composition. The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VIwritten in the early s during a vogue for historical drama.
When William Shakespeare began writing his plays, the English language was rapidly absorbing words from other languages due to wars, exploration, diplomacy and colonization.
By the age of Elizabeth, English had become widely used with the expansion of philosophy, theology and physical sciences, but many writers lacked the vocabulary to express such ideas. To accommodate this, writers such as Edmund SpenserSir Philip SidneyChristopher Marlowe and William Shakespeare expressed new ideas and distinctions by inventing, borrowing or adopting a word or a phrase from another language, known as neologizing .
Scholars estimate that, between the years andnouns, verbs and modifiers of Latin, Greek and modern Romance languages added 30, new words to the English language. Shakespeare created some of the most admired plays in Western literature  with MacbethHamlet and King Lear being ranked among the world's greatest plays and transformed English theatre by expanding expectations about what could be accomplished through plot and language.
Shakespeare's work is also lauded for its insight into emotion. His themes regarding the human condition make him more acclaimed than any of his contemporaries.
Humanism and contact with popular thinking gave vitality to his language. Shakespeare's plays borrowed ideas from popular sources, folk traditionsstreet pamphlets, and sermons. Shakespeare also used groundlings widely in his plays. The use of groundlings "saved the drama from academic stiffness and preserved its essential bias towards entertainment in comedy ".
He represented English people more concretely and not as puppets. His skills have found expression in chronicles, or history plays, and tragedies. Shakespeare's earliest years were dominated by history plays and a few comedies that formed a link to the later written tragedies.
Nine out of eighteen plays he produced in the first decade of his career were chronicles or histories.
His histories were based on the prevailing Tudor political thought. They portrayed the follies and achievements of kings, their misgovernment, church and problems arising out of these. Falstaff, although a minor character, has a powerful reality of its own. This shows that Shakespeare had developed a capacity to see the plays as whole, something more than characters and expressions added together.
In Falstaff trilogy, through the character of Falstaff, he wants to show that in society "where touchstone of conduct is success, and in which humanity has to accommodate itself to the claims of expediency, there is no place for Falstaff", a loyal human-being.
This sentiment is so true even after centuries. Shakespeare united the three main streams of literature: To the versification of the English language, he imparted his eloquence and variety giving highest expressions with elasticity of language. The second, the sonnets and poetry, was bound in structure.
He imparted economy and intensity to the language.
In the third and the most important area, the drama, he saved the language from vagueness and vastness and infused actuality and vividness.Macbeth is a play based on King James I, it was written by William Shakespeare, however this play isn’t a king and queen fairy tale, but it’s a play about greed and guilt, chaos and murder and three evil witches who use prophecies to influence Macbeth to do bad things, using flattery would instigate his inner ambition to become king, which in the end doesn’t lead to a very happy ending.
A summary of Themes in William Golding's Lord of the Flies. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Lord of the Flies and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
Shakespeare was born, brought up, and buried in Stratford-upon-Avon, where he maintained a household throughout the duration of his career in London.A market town of around 1, residents about miles ( km) north-west of London, Stratford was a centre for the slaughter, marketing, and distribution of sheep, as well as for hide tanning and wool trading.
New Criticism. A literary movement that started in the late s and s and originated in reaction to traditional criticism that new critics saw as largely concerned with matters extraneous to the text, e.g., with the biography or psychology of the author or the work's relationship to literary history.
By William Shakespeare Directed by Charles Fee In a maelstrom of politics and magic, Shakespeare’s towering tragedy melds unforgettable characters and incomparable language in a fascinating drama of corruption and heroism. home. plays. overview biography influences chrono premieres. hot news. films/tv.
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