This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Critical thinking is defined as the mental process of actively and skillfully perception, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of collected information through observation, experience and communication that leads to a decision for action. In nursing education there is frequent reference to critical thinking and to the significance that it has in daily clinical nursing practice. Nursing clinical instructors know that students face difficulties in making decisions related to clinical practice.
Clear Fair All of these attributes must be true, whether the nurse is talking, speaking or acting. You also need to do these things when you are reading, writing and talking. Always keep these critical thinking attributes in mind in nursing! Nurses have to get rid of inconsistent, irrelevant and illogical thinking as they think about patient care.
Nurses need to use language that will clearly communicate a lot of information that is key to good nursing care. It is important to note that nurses are never focused in irrelevant or trivial information. Key Critical Thinking Skills Some skills are more important than others when it comes to critical thinking.
Some of these skills are applied in patient care, via the framework known as the Nursing Process.
The skills that are most important are: Interpreting — Understanding and explaining the meaning of information, or a particular event. Analyzing — Investigating a course of action, that is based upon data that is objective and subjective. Evaluating — This is how you assess the value of the information that you got.
Is the information relevant, reliable and credible? This skill is also needed to determine if outcomes have been fully reached. Based upon those three skills, the nurse can then use clinical reasoning to determine what the problem is.
These decisions have to be based upon sound reasoning: Explaining — Clearly and concisely explaining your conclusions. The nurse needs to be able to give a sound rationale for her answers. Self regulating — You have to monitor your own thinking processes.
This means that you must reflect on the process that lead to the conclusion.
You should self correct in this process as needed. Be on alert for bias and improper assumptions. Critical Thinking Pitfalls Errors that occur in critical thinking in nursing can cause incorrect conclusions.
This is particularly dangerous in nursing, because an incorrect conclusion can lead to incorrect clinical actions. Illogical Processes Critical thinking can fail when logic is improperly used.
One common fallacy is when one uses a circular argument. Logic errors also can happen when a thinking makes generalizations and does not think about the evidence. Bias All people have biases.
Critical thinkers are able to look at their biases and do not let them compromise their thinking processes. Biases can complicate patient care. If you think that someone who is alcoholic is a manipulator, you might ignore their complaint that they are anxious or in pain, and miss the signs of delirium tremens.
Closed Minded Being closed-minded in nursing is dangerous because it ignores other points of view. Also ignored is essential input from other experts, as well as patients and families. This means that fewer clinical options are explored and fewer innovative ideas are used.Could Hospital Jobs Be Getting Harder to Find for Nurses?
Nursing’s Buzzword: Critical Thinking. Nursing students begin to hear about critical thinking skills early in nursing school.
But what is critical thinking and why does it matter?
In nursing, critical thinking skills are related to the clinical decision-making process. Nursing critical thinking skills are a systemic, logical, reasoned approach to the nursing process which results in quality patient care. The nurse is open to intellectual reasoning and a systematic approach to problem solving. Critical Thinking Activities in Nursing Programs Read this lesson to learn how Certified Nurse Educators help student nurses develop critical thinking skills to take better care of their. Critical Thinking. Nursing education has emphasized critical thinking as an essential nursing skill for more than 50 years. 1 The definitions of critical thinking have evolved over the years. There are several key definitions for critical thinking to consider.
How does it play out in real life? For this reason, the development of critical thinking skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor. Another Brief Conceptualization of Critical Thinking. Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way.
. You might wonder, 'Is critical thinking only for nurses?' Not at all.
Critical thinking helps people from all walks of life and all types of jobs to work efficiently and effectively. Critical thinking in nursing must include the concept of nursing, ideas, intellectuality and skills required to be a nurse.
The education today provides better learning, and better students are those who apply this learning to become better thinkers. The chain of command can also help nurses develop critical thinking skills in the workplace. “Another aid in the development of critical thinking I cannot stress enough is the utilization of the chain of command,” Vest says.
“In the chain of command, the nurse always reports up to the nurse manager and down to the patient care aide. To develop critical thinking skills, the patient cases should include medication relevant items like allergies to the medication, missing physician orders, and complex mathematics to calculate dosing.