Introduction The main topic of the article is the Western metaphilosophy of the last hundred years or so. But that topic is broached via a sketch of some earlier Western metaphilosophies. Once that sketch is in hand, the article defines the notion of metaphilosophy and distinguishes between explicit and implicit metaphilosophy.
Project EAT addresses five major research questions: How do weight status and related behaviors among adolescents compare with the Healthy People Objectives? How do different factors, including characteristics of environments i. What are the most important environmental, personal, and behavioral influences on weight status and related behaviors for adolescents?
What secular changes in weight status and related behaviors have occurred over the past 10 years among middle school and high school students? Research Design Surveys were administered by trained research staff to middle and high school students in the Minneapolis and St. Paul school districts in Minnesota.
Students completed the Project EAT Student Survey, a food frequency questionnaire, and a physical activity questionnaire. The Project EAT Student Survey was developed by the principal investigator and research team to assess weight status, weight-related behaviors, and potential correlates of these outcomes.
Trained research staff also collected student height and weight measurements using a standardized protocol.
Surveys regarding the school environment were completed by personnel at each participating school, including an administrator, food service manager, and physical activity teacher. The surveys were designed to assess school resources, policies, and practices of relevance to eating, physical activity, and weight-related harassment.
Geographic data are being used to learn about residential and school neighborhood environments. Measurements relating to local food environments, utilitarian physical activity environments, recreational physical activity environments, and neighborhood safety are being completed by the Spatial Analysis Core at the Minnesota Population Center.
Additional details about the EAT Survey are posted online. Adolescents participants in the EAT study were asked to identify up to two parents or guardians.
To meet the needs of this culturally diverse group of parents, both the mailed and telephone survey were available in English, Spanish, Hmong, and Somali and the telephone survey was additionally offered in Oromo, Amharic and Karen. Objectives Project F-EAT Families and Eating and Activity in Teens will improve our understanding of how the family and home environment influence the eating, physical activity, and weight-related behaviors of young people.
How do parents of adolescents describe their family and home with regard to weight culture for example; parental weight control, parental body image, weight teasing, etc. An ecological framework developed by the research team was used to guide survey development. Each section of the survey was reviewed by a member of a review panel with an expertise in that content area.
Finally, the survey was pilot tested with focus groups parents of adolescents. If a mailed survey is not returned, parents are also invited to complete the Project F-EAT survey over the telephone. Mailed surveys and telephone interviews were translated into English, Spanish, Hmong, and Somali.
Parents are being mailed surveys in the language their teenager indicates is primarily spoken at home. For more information, please see our Publications page. Higher levels of body dissatisfaction during adolescence are related to greater use of unhealthy behaviors that may lead to weight gain.
Participation in family meals varies widely among youth and is related to a number of positive outcomes, including better dietary intake, fewer unhealthy weight control behaviors, and better psychosocial health. Disparities and Trends in Weight Status The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents is a major public health problem.
Dieting and Weight Concerns The use of dieting and unhealthy weight control behaviors is common among teenagers and may counter-intuitively lead to weight gain through the long-term adoption of unhealthy behaviors such as binge eating, reduced breakfast consumption, and lower levels of physical activity.
Over the past decade between Project EAT I and EATthere were decreases in the percent of young people using unhealthy weight control behaviors while healthy behaviors were found to increase. Results from Project EAT have also shown the prevalence of weight control behaviors remains high or increases among young people during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood and these behaviors tend to track within individuals over time.
These young people reported teasing by both peers and family members. Adolescents who were ever teased about their weight reported lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of body dissatisfaction. Females who reported being teased about their weight at Project EAT I were also more likely to report frequent dieting at five-year follow-up than their peers who were not teased.
Males who reported being teased about their weight at Project EAT I were more likely than their peers to report binge eating and the use of unhealthy weight control behaviors five years later.
Findings from Project EAT III further indicate that weight teasing remains a concern as young people transition from adolescence to young adulthood.Latest environmental news, features and updates. Pictures, video and more.
Sample Qualitative Research Proposal Published by Permission of the Author Dissertation Proposal Robert R. Maldonado Akamai University Title: A Phenomenological Pilot Study of Energy Healers Expertise and Recommendations for Energetic Disaster and Trauma Relief Training.
A pilot study can be used as a “small scale version or trial run in preparation for a major study” (Polit, Beck, & Hungler, , p. ). Baker () noted that “a pilot. AN EXAMINATION OF POLICE CANINE USE OF FORCE IN THE STATE OF FLORIDA by CHARLES MESLOH M.P.A.
Florida Gulf Coast University, B.S. University of Florida, News and Events. Check out our new EVENTS section to find out about the latest conferences and training opportunities involving members of the EI Consortium.. New Coaching Certification From Dr. Daniel Goleman.
After writing about Emotional Intelligence for years, Daniel Goleman is pleased to announce the release of his Emotional Intelligence Coaching Certification Program. pilot study support to an investigator more than twice in a five year period.
Animals for dissertation research support will remain free; however, a letter of certification from the appropriate department chairman, stating that the study for.