As long as Aurangzeb survived, the vastness of the empire continued for his personal merit. But soon after the death of the Mughal Empire, the decline of the empire came to an end.
What are the causes of the Decline and Fall of the Mughal Empire? The Mughal Empire of India was no exception. It declined for various reasons. The following were the main causes of its decline. The Vastness of the Empire: The Mughal Empire is growing in size from the Downfall of mughal of Akbar.
With the conquest of the South by Aurangzeb, it covered almost all India from Kashmir to river Kaveri and from Kabul to Chittagong it became too vast to be governed from one center at the command of one man. The Empire therefore began to sink under its own weight. There were no systems of democratic decentralization in those days.
The provincial Government looked to the emperor for orders. The burden of administration grew with the growth of the Empire.
Its success depend only the ability of the Emperor. The stability of the Emperor depended on the support of the people. India was primarily a land of the Hindus. Without their loyalty and court-operation, stability was impossible. Akbar realized this need from the beginning of his rule.
He won over the Hindus by his liberal policies. He employed them in higher services. Some of them were given highest positions.
His successors followed that wise policy. As long as the people were loyal, the empire was strong. But Aurangzeb reversed his system. His religious regulations became painful to Hindus. As a result, the majority population withdrew their court-operation.
Their revolt broke out. The Jats, Bundelas, and Satnamis heralded an era of unrest. Similarly, his Rajput policy proved disastrous. The strongest supporters of the empire became its worst enemies Rajput war threw the Empire into turmoil, pointing to serious consequences.
The Maratha War in the Deccan continued till the death of Aurangzeb. His absence from the north for long 26 years was his biggest blunder. The Empire lost men and money endlessly. It also lost its power and prestige. Administration declined in Northern India.
In the long run, the Deccan the saw the death of the Emperor as well as the decline of the Empire. The Mughal Dynasty suffered from a grave internal problem. Sons revolted against fathers to capture the throne. Brothers fought the wars of succession.
Jahangir, as prince Salim, revolted against his father Akbar. Shah Jahan revolted against Jahangir. Aurangzeb revolted against Shah Jahn. The fratricidal wars among the brothers were of a more serious nature.No empire in history is survived forever.
The Mughal Empire of India was no exception.
It declined for various reasons. The following were the main causes of its decline. The Mughal Empire is growing in size from the time of Akbar.
With the conquest of the South by Aurangzeb, it covered almost all. The Mughal empire, writes Abraham Eraly, "lagged way behind Europe, behind even China, Japan and Persia.
There was hardly any vigour in the economy, scant spirit of enterprise among the people. The Mughal Empire owes its decline and ultimate downfall to a combination of factors; firstly Aurangzeb's religious policy is regarded as a cause for the decline of the Mughal Empire as .
The Mughal Empire owes its decline and ultimate downfall to a combination of factors.
The death of Alamgir in is generally regarded as the beginning of . Aurangzeb’s responsibility: Aurangzeb was largely responsible for the downfall of the Mughal Empire. Aurangzeb could not tolerate the non-Muslims.
He imposed jaziya and forbade the celebrations of Hindu Festivals. He lost friendship and loyalty with the Rajputs. The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur (reigned –), a Central Asian ruler who was descended from the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur (the founder of the Timurid Empire) on his father's side and from Chagatai, the second son of the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan, on his mother's lausannecongress2018.comon: Sunni Islam (–), Din-i Ilahi (–).