See Article History Alternative Title: His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U. Separated as an infant from his slave mother he never knew his white fatherFrederick lived with his grandmother on a Maryland plantation until, at age eight, his owner sent him to Baltimore to live as a house servant with the family of Hugh Auld, whose wife defied state law by teaching the boy to read. Auld, however, declared that learning would make him unfit for slaveryand Frederick was forced to continue his education surreptitiously with the aid of schoolboys in the street.
Frederick Douglass Bicentennial In his journey from captive slave to internationally renowned activist, Frederick Douglass has been a source of inspiration and hope for millions. His brilliant words and brave actions continue to shape the ways that we think about race, democracy, and the meaning of freedom.
Frederick Douglass as a young man. He had a difficult family life. He barely knew his mother, who lived on a different plantation and died when he was a young child.
He never discovered the identity of his father.
When he turned eight years old, his slaveowner hired him out to work as a body servant in Baltimore. At an early age, Frederick realized there was a connection between literacy and freedom. Not allowed to attend school, he taught himself to read and write in the streets of Baltimore.
At twelve, he bought a book called The Columbian Orator.
It was a collection of revolutionary speeches, debates, and writings on natural rights. When Frederick was fifteen, his slaveowner sent him back to the Eastern Shore to labor as a fieldhand. He educated other slaves, physically fought back against a "slave-breaker," and plotted an unsuccessful escape.
Frustrated, his slaveowner returned him to Baltimore. This time, Frederick met a young free black woman named Anna Murraywho agreed to help him escape.
On September 3,he disguised himself as a sailor and boarded a northbound train, using money from Anna to pay for his ticket.
In less than 24 hours, Frederick arrived in New York City and declared himself free. He had successfully escaped from slavery. The home is now a National Historic Landmark.
They decided that New York City was not a safe place for Frederick to remain as a fugitive, so they settled in New Bedford, Massachusetts. There, they adopted the last name "Douglass" and they started their family, which would eventually grow to include five children: Rosetta, Lewis, Frederick, Charles, and Annie.
After finding employment as a laborer, Douglass began to attend abolitionist meetings and speak about his experiences in slavery. He soon gained a reputation as an orator, landing a job as an agent for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society.
The job took him on speaking tours across the North and Midwest. Douglass's fame as an orator increased as he traveled. Still, some of his audiences suspected he was not truly a fugitive slave.
Inhe published his first autobiography, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, to lay those doubts to rest. The narrative gave a clear record of names and places from his enslavement. To avoid being captured and re-enslaved, Douglass traveled overseas.
For almost two years, he gave speeches and sold copies of his narrative in England, Ireland, and Scotland.
When abolitionists offered to purchase his freedom, Douglass accepted and returned home to the United States legally free. He relocated Anna and their children to Rochester, New York. In Rochester, Douglass took his work in new directions.
He embraced the women's rights movement, helped people on the Underground Railroad, and supported anti-slavery political parties. He bought a printing press and ran his own newspaper, The North Star.
Inhe published his second autobiography, My Bondage and My Freedom, which expanded on his first autobiography and challenged racial segregation in the North. Frederick Douglass standing in front of his house on Capitol Hill, ca.Discover books, read about the author, find related products, and more.
More about Frederick Douglass. Helen Pitts was born into an abolitionist family in Honeoye, New York, in She worked for racial equality and women's rights, eventually finding employment as a clerk in Frederick Douglass.
quotes from Frederick Douglass: 'Once you learn to read, you will be forever free.', 'It is easier to build strong children than to repair broken men.', and 'I prefer to be true to myself, even at the hazard of incurring the ridicule of others, rather than to be false, and to incur my own abhorrence.'.
Frederick Douglass: America's Prophet [D. H. Dilbeck] on lausannecongress2018.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. From his enslavement to freedom, Frederick Douglass was one of America's most extraordinary champions of liberty and 5/5(5).
Douglass, Frederick Frederick Douglass, oil painting by Sarah J. Eddy, ; in the Frederick Douglass National Historic Site, Washington, D.C. National Park Service; At a Nantucket, Massachusetts, antislavery convention in , Douglass was invited to describe his feelings and experiences under lausannecongress2018.com extemporaneous remarks .
Abolitionist Frederick Douglass spoke about Independence Day in Rochester, pointing out that when the least of us lack liberty, the celebration rings hollow.