Finally, I have included an Appendix with different materials on controversial allegations concerning the behavior and character of Werner Erhard himself, the supposed "adept," indeed, the alleged Divine "Source," for this kind of training work. The critical site www. As for Scientology, judges in the legal systems of UK, USA, Germany and France from onward have ruled it to be psychologically and financially damaging, a criminal fraud, and, in the words of an early legal ruling, "immoral and socially obnoxious Based on massive evidence, Hubbard is assessed by justices, journalists and mental health professionals to have been a deeply disturbed, pathological individual showing paranoid schizophrenic and psychopathic tendencies.
There are currents of idealism throughout Indian philosophyancient and modern. Hindu idealism often takes the form of monism or non-dualismespousing the view that a unitary consciousness is the essence or meaning of the phenomenal reality and plurality. Buddhist idealism on the other hand is more epistemic and is not a metaphysical monism, which Buddhists consider eternalistic and hence not the middle way between extremes espoused by the Buddha.
This sukta espouses panentheism by presenting cosmic being Purusha as both pervading all universe and yet being transcendent to it. There are various sub schools of Vedanta, like Advaita Vedanta non-dualVishishtadvaita and Bhedabheda Vedanta difference and non-difference.
The schools of Vedanta all attempt to explain the nature and relationship of Brahman universal soul or Self and Atman individual selfwhich they see as the central topic of the Vedas. Advaita Vedanta is a major sub school of Vedanta which holds a non-dual Idealistic metaphysics.
The world and all beings or souls in it have no separate existence from Brahman, universal consciousness, and the seemingly independent soul jiva is identical to Brahman.
The Tantric tradition of Kashmir Shaivism has also been categorized by scholars as a form of Idealism. Sarkarand Sohail Inayatullah. Statue of Vasubandhu jp. Yogacara thought was also promoted in China, by Chinese philosophers and translators like Xuanzang. There is a modern scholarly disagreement about whether Yogacara Buddhism can be said to be a form of idealism.
As Saam Trivedi notes: All this is consciousness-only, because of the appearance of non-existent objects, just as someone with an optical disorder may see non-existent nets of hair.
Cognition experiences itself, and nothing else whatsoever. Even the particular objects of perception, are by nature just consciousness itself. What they do claim is that we mistake our projected interpretations of the world for the world itself, i.
However he also notes key differences like the concepts of karma and nirvana. Subjective idealism Subjective idealism immaterialism or phenomenalism describes a relationship between experience and the world in which objects are no more than collections or bundles of sense data in the perceiver.
Proponents include Berkeley,  Bishop of Cloyne, an Anglo-Irish philosopher who advanced a theory he called " immaterialism ," later referred to as "subjective idealism", contending that individuals can only know sensations and ideas of objects directly, not abstractions such as "matter", and that ideas also depend upon being perceived for their very existence - esse est percipi; "to be is to be perceived".
Arthur Collier  published similar assertions though there seems to have been no influence between the two contemporary writers. The only knowable reality is the represented image of an external object.
Matter as a cause of that image, is unthinkable and therefore nothing to us. An external world as absolute matter unrelated to an observer does not exist as far as we are concerned. The universe cannot exist as it appears if there is no perceiving mind.
But if we mean this, we shall have to admit that what, in this sense, is in the mind, may nevertheless be not mental. Hence his grounds in favour of the idealism may be dismissed.
This argument does not take into account the issues pertaining to hermeneutics, especially at the backdrop of analytic philosophy. Musgrave criticized Richard Rorty and postmodernist philosophy in general for confusion of use and mention. Luce  and John Foster are other subjectivists.
The Case for Phenomenalistic Idealism. Paul Bruntona British philosopher, mystic, traveler, and guru, taught a type of idealism called " mentalism ," similar to that of Bishop Berkeley, proposing a master world-image, projected or manifested by a world-mind, and an infinite number of individual minds participating.
A tree does not cease to exist if nobody sees it because the world-mind is projecting the idea of the tree to all minds. The first is based on our perception of reality: The second argument runs as follows; Premise: Any cognitive state occurs as part of a set of cognitive states and within a cognitive system Conclusion 1: It is impossible to get outside all cognitive states and systems to survey the relationships between them and the reality they cognize Conclusion 2: There is no cognition of any reality that exists independently of cognition  Searle contends that Conclusion 2 does not follow from the premises.
Proponents include Brand Blanshard.Mar 01, · It includes an ancient text by Zen Master Dogen, on how to be a Tenzo, or cook in a Monastary. The rest, as they say, is commentary by a 20th century Zen master. This is a great basic book on the practice of Zen as seen through the eyes of a cook/5.
This is a complete translation of Eihei Shingi, the major writing by the Japanese Zen master Eihei Dogen () on monastic practice and the role of community life in Buddhism. Dogen was the founder of the Soto branch of Japanese Zen, but his teaching was not limited by any particular school of Buddhism.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c. – BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, rational argument, and systematic presentation.
These essays are about the Japanese Zen master Dogen Zenji, () founder of the Soto school. For more on Dogen and translations of some of his works, see the Dogen Teachings page under Zen Teachings.
Questions, broken links, suggestions, etc, please. search thezensite. Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
The term was probably coined by Pythagoras (c.
– BCE). Philosophical methods include questioning, critical discussion, . INTRODUCTION This book presents annotated English translations of four essays by Dogen. Dogen was the 13th century Japanese Zen master who launched the Soto school of Zen Buddhism in Japan and penned Shobogenzo, a collection of nearly a hun- dred essays renowned for .