Inmore than a century before the start of the information age, in a brilliant flash of penetrating insight, Ada Lovelace had a glimpse of the future.
Often working in fields completely dominated by men, they have had to overcome obstacles their male counterparts did not: Many times, the achievements of female scientists were discounted in their lifetime and their legacies have only been recognized posthumously.
Here are 43 female scientists who have had to overcome huge obstacles, not only because of their gender but also sometimes due to race or sexual orientation, who nonetheless persevered and had a large and lasting impact on the history of science!
Margaret Sanger Margaret Sanger worked as a nurse around the turn of the century. Patricia Bath Patricia Bath is an American ophthalmologist, academic, and inventor.
Inshe invented the Laserphaco probe, which uses lasers to remove cataracts. She patented the device inmaking her the first ever African-American woman to receive a patent for a medical purpose. Daly worked at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and made important contributions to the science of hypertension and the human circulatory system.
Margaret Mead Margaret Mead was an American anthropologist and psychologist who made groundbreaking advances in the fields of linguistics. Her work helped legitimize differing sexual behaviours in humans.
She also served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in the s. Mae Jemison After graduating from medical school and serving in the Peace Corps, Mae Jemison was selected by NASA to join the astronaut corps, where she became the first African-American woman to travel to space on the space shuttle Endeavour in She was also the first real-life astronaut to appear on Star Trek.
Nagwa Abdel Meguid Dr. Meguid is an Egyptian geneticist who has contributed important research to the study of Autism, and has helped identify genetic causes for fragile X syndrome. Wangari Maathai Environmentalist Wangari Maathal was a true trailblazer: InMaathai founded the Green Belt movement in Kenya, which has planted over 10 million trees.
She is known for demonstrating the similarity in DNA between humans and chimpanzees. In the s, she applied her knowledge of genetics to a humanitarian cause by helping children in Argentina reunite with their families after the civil war by identifying their DNA. Cleopatra the Alchemist It might not be classified as science today, but Cleopatra the Alchemist was a foundational figure in the field of alchemy in the 3rd century.
She was also the head of the Neoplatonic school in Alexandria, and taught philosophy and astronomy. Though little is known about her life, Hypatia has served as an emblem of female advancement in the sciences.
Scene from the movie Agora Flossie Wong-Staal InChinese-American immunologist and molecular biologist Flossie Wong-Staal and her colleagues were the first to clone HIV-1 and create a map of its genes, which led to a test for the virus. Over the course of her career, she has made many breakthroughs in HIV science.
This allowed pilots to steeply ascend without fear their engines would stall. Wu proved that in fact, some subatomic particles did distinguish directions. The Nobel Prize was awarded for this discovery—to her two male colleagues but not Wu.
Her work was expanded upon and used without her knowledge by James Watson and Francis Crick, who were awarded the Nobel Prize for this research in Unfortunately, Franklin had died of ovarian cancer by this time.
She has been recognized posthumously for these breakthroughs. Jane Goodall was only 26 when she ventured into what is now known as Gombe Stream National Park to conduct research on chimpanzees in Her work has continued worldwide since then, with Goodall serving as an ambassador and advocate for conservation and the protection of wild chimpanzees.
Her work was vital to the success of these missions. She received the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her achievements in Ada was born into the aristocracy and her full name was Augusta Ada Byron. She became the Countess of Lovelace after she married William King-Noel, the first Earl of .
Ada King became Countess of Lovelace when her husband William King, whom she married on 8 July , was created an Earl in They had three children; Byron born 12 May , Annabella born 22 September and Ralph Gordon born 2 July Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer, chieflyknown for her work on CharlesBabbage 's early mechanical general-purpose computer, th e Analytical Engine.
COUNTESS ADA LOVELACE Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, was an English mathematician and writer, who was the worlds first computer programmer. Maintained by the IEEE History Center Tinted photograph from a daguerreotype of Ada Lovelace, Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace (10 December – 27 November ), born Augusta Ada Byron, was an English writer chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical Parents: Lord Byron, Anne Isabella Baroness Wentworth, Anne Isabella Byron, Baroness Byron.
In , King was made 1st Earl of Lovelace, and Ada became the Right Honourable the Countess of Lovelace. In correspondence she signed herself Augusta Ada Lovelace, or AAL, and we know her today simply as Ada Lovelace.